Knitting, Dying and Printing Processes
It is essential to note that dying, knitting and printing tends to be essential especially on matters pertaining how a fabric appears and feel. Dyeing, for example, is the process where color tends to be imparted on a cloth. One would need to know that yarn dyeing focus on dyeing yarns prior to knitting where knitting tends to produce checks, gingham as well as many other effects on the clothing in question. In a situation where one wants to ensure a denim construction, one would need to combine blue dyed warp yarns and while filling yarns. The piece tends to be passed through padded rollers with the intention of spreading color evenly through the piece of cloth and at the same time remove excess liquid.
Package dyeing is yet another common method of yarn dyeing which involves winding of yarn on perforated cylinders which are then placed on vertical spindles on around dying machine. The dye tends to be pressurized both from the inside as well as from the outside. There also tend to be more accuracy especially where one utilizes computers. It would be possible for one to print a fabric easily especially where he or she has the right skill material and the machine. It also calls for long runs of the same fabric design to be produced on a roller printer at a speed of 50 to 100 yards per minutes.
One would also utilize automatic screen printing
especially where one needs color design on a fabric. When it comes to dealing with larger fabrics, one would need to ensure automatic screen printing although he or she would need to know that the process tends to be slower when compared with most printing methods. One can also utilize flatbed screen printing which uses a fine mesh of screen with each mesh handling its distinct color. One would also excempt some parts of the fabric from dye by covering with lacquer or any other dye resistant coating. With the right skill, the right method, and the right machine, it is possible to print up to 16 colors on one fabric.
The fabric production also demands good finishing for a long-lasting printing effect. Depending on what one wants, hundreds of finishes can be applied to the textile. It is also essential to note that finishing of cotton tends to be easier and more efficient when compared to other types of fabrics. Among the things finishing does on a clothing includes adding water repellency, flame resistance, shrinkage control or any other effect one would need to ensure on a fabric in question. Depending on what one wants, it is also possible to add more than one finish to a single fabric for durability and aesthetic values of the fabric and the final clothing in question.